By | Nanje Gowda
There are a slew of Labour Reform bills pending to be approved by the Parliament in the Monsoon Session. Here are the Bills to be introduced :
1. The Maternity Benefit Act-1961: The Maternity Benefit Bill seeks to enhance maternity leave to 26 weeks from existing 12 weeks. The Employees’ Compensation Bill aims to enhance maximum compensation amount in case of any injury to workers without going to high courts.
2. The Employee Provident Fund Act-1952 : The EPF Bill seeks to reduce the threshold for coverage of firms under the social security scheme run by retirement fund body EPFO to 10 workers from existing 20 workers. This is expected to cover 50 lakh more workers under EPFO schemes
3. The Child Labour Bill -2016: The Child Labour Bill, which is already pending in Parliament, can be passed during this session. It seeks to prohibit employing children below 14 years in all occupations.
4. Industrial Relations Code Bill 2015: progress is slow on bills that have been bone of contention and are being opposed by trade unions. These include the Industrial Relations Code and the Small Factories Act. The Industrial Code Bill combines Industrial Disputes Act, 1947, Trade Unions Act, 1926, and the Industrial Employment (Standing Orders) Act, 1946.
5. Small Factories Bill -2016: The Small Factories Bill aims to improve ease of doing business and create an ecosystem for encouraging small businesses. It seeks to exempt small units with less than 40 workers from tedious compliance of 14 labour laws including Employees Provident Funds and Miscellaneous Provisions Act and Employees State Insurance (ESI)Act.
Waiting to be seen how many of them will be taken up & addressed.