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Garry Kasparov: “Deep Thinking” | Talks at Google


Garry Kasparov and DeepMind’s CEO Demis Hassabis discuss Garry’s new book “Deep Thinking”, his match with Deep Blue and his thoughts on the future of AI in the world of chess.

Get the book here:

Event moderated by Demis Hassabis, CEO, DeepMind.

** About the book, Deep Thinking: Where Machine Intelligence Ends and Human Creativity Begins **

In May 1997, the world watched as Garry Kasparov, the greatest chess player in the world, was defeated for the first time by the IBM supercomputer Deep Blue. It was a watershed moment in the history of technology: machine intelligence had arrived at the point where it could best human intellect.
It wasn’t a coincidence that Kasparov became the symbol of man’s fight against the machines. Chess has long been the fulcrum in development of machine intelligence; the hoax automaton ‘The Turk’ in the 18th century and Alan Turing’s first chess program in 1952 were two early examples of the quest for machines to think like humans — a talent we measured by their ability to beat their creators at chess. As the pre-eminent chessmaster of the 80s and 90s, it was Kasparov’s blessing and his curse to play against each generation’s strongest computer champions, contributing to their development and advancing the field.

Like all passionate competitors, Kasparov has taken his defeat and learned from it. He has devoted much energy to devising ways in which humans can partner with machines in order to produce results better than either can achieve alone. During the twenty years since playing Deep Blue, he’s played both with and against machines, learning a great deal about our vital relationship with our most remarkable creations. Ultimately, he’s become convinced that by embracing the competition between human and machine intelligence, we can spend less time worrying about being replaced and more thinking of new challenges to conquer.

In this breakthrough book, Kasparov tells his side of the story of Deep Blue for the first time — what it was like to strategize against an implacable, untiring opponent — the mistakes he made and the reasons the odds were against him. But more than that, he tells his story of AI more generally, and how he’s evolved to embrace it, taking part in an urgent debate with philosophers worried about human values, programmers creating self-learning neural networks, and engineers of cutting edge robotics.


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  1. when faced with a problem, (intelligent) humans first devise a method with which to solve it, instead of going at it directly. thus, computers themselves could be understood as a method invented by humans to solve advanced problems. maybe that's why at this point we still regard them as tools rather than emergent intelligences.

    one major driver of human intelligence is laziness. any algorithm behaving like a pet dog eager to please will have a hard time reaching human level of thinking.

  2. Don't know if it's worth to mention but Garry was my neighbor in Tallinn old town 🙂
    I never assumed he spoke so good English and we always had the small talk in Russian and my Russian is really broken and he heard me several times speaking English over telephone.
    Don't know what to think of it but I assume he was just being helpful and willing to help me improve my Russian skills.

  3. Depuis 1985 les progrès de l’IA semblent susceptibles de révolutionner nombre d’activités ludiques, artistiques ou sportives … A l’occasion du « FESTIVAL MONDIAL D’ÉCHECS DU MILLÉNAIRE « MONTPELLIER 1985 ». nous avions fait participer dans l’open mondial rassemblant près de 400 joueurs un des tous premiers programmes informatiques disponibles sur les micro ordinateurs du marché ….

    Quelle spectaculaire évolution en moins de 40 ans !
    Jean PY

  4. Kasparov is genius in chess but idiot in politics Donbass Donieck made only referendum to became independent not any part of Russia as western média shown. YOU SHOULD KNOW this THIS by YOUR SELF.

  5. Well…Think deeply about this… Who was the first person abused by Google. Yes, abused. Invasion of privacy and perjury applied to business premise. The way Google operates is completely against the law. They notify you when you download an app for your cell phone or computer that they can access your devices media files, change them, delete them, alter them, charge you fees without your knowledge, make phone calls on your phone. This is blatant perjurious invation of privacy. How can they get away with this? The first individual to have gone through the first app download abuse owns Google. I will say here, I really like Google. I like their info. layouts. They are much better than Bing or Yahoo (just to make a note here, to say Yahoo as in hip hip hooray the spelling needs to be Ya-Hooo or Yah-Hooo, to spell it as Yahoo is saying "Way to go you dumb yahoo.") I can't believe Google would leave themselves that legally vulnerable. Perhaps someone reading this comment could elaborate.

  6. In 1997, you needed a supercomputer crunching raw numbers with brute force calculations to even challenge a grandmaster.
    In 2017, all you need is an average off-the-shelf laptop with the latest chess engine installed to defeat any grandmaster, simply using clever algorithms instead of raw computational power.

  7. HI all I really want to know what is GM Garry Kasparov religion atualy and I hope you can share the tips to become the super power in infiniti level chess player but not in only in chess but for all acpect aright bye see again

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