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Honouring Great Indian Women Scientists of the past

Source | LinkedIn : By Y Sujana Chowdary

There are an increasing number of women studying basic and higher sciences in India. Some of our women scientists, often forgotten heroes, have made great contributions to science and paved the way for others.

On International Day of Women and Girls in Science, let us remember some of these inspiring scientists.

1. Anandibai Joshee (1865 – 1887): Dr Anandibai Joshee, was one of the first Indian women doctors qualified to practice western medicine. She was appointed as the physician-in-charge of the female ward of the local Albert Edward Hospital in the princely state of Kolhapur.

2. Janaki Ammal (1897-1984): Janaki Ammal pursued Botany and later scientific research in cytogenetics and phyto-geography. She worked briefly in the UK, but returned to India in 1951 to reorganise the Botanical Survey of India (BSI). She served as the Director-General of the Botanical Survey of India (BSI).

3. Kamala Sohonie (1912–1998): Dr. Sohonie was the first Indian woman to get a Ph.D in a scientific discipline. While at Cambridge, she found that every cell of a plant tissue contained the enzyme ‘cytochrome C’ which was involved in the oxidation of all plant cells.

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