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How to Understand Yourself Better

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Ideas and Models to Help you Understand Yourself Better

  • The Flow Model
  • The Johari Window
  • Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs
  • The Cognitive Dissonance Model
  • The Feedback Model
  • The Managerial Grid Model

The Flow Model (Being in the Zone)

In psychology, a FLOW state, also known as being in the zone, is the mental state in which a person performing an activity is fully immersed with a feeling of energized focus, involvement, and enjoyment in the activity. Flow is characterized by the complete absorption in what one does, and a resulting loss in one’s sense of forced effort and time.

Six factors have been identified as encompassing an experience of flow:

  • focused concentration on the present moment,
  • the merging of action and awareness,
  • a loss of self-consciousness,
  • a sense of control over the situation,
  • a distortion of the subjective experience of time,
  • the experience of the activity as intrinsically rewarding.

These aspects. in combination, constitute a  flow experience. Flow leads to feelings of being so engrossed in the experience, that other needs become negligible

Flow Model

Mental state in terms of Challenge and Skill Level, according to the Flow Model

In modern times the Flow state was labeled by Mihály Csíkszentmihályi in 1975. However, the concept has existed for thousands of years under other names, notably in some Eastern religions, such as Buddhism.

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