Guest Contributor

What Is a Resume? (With Definition and Importance)

By | Eric Stephens

Are you a fresh graduate making your very first resume? Or are you a job-seeker hoping to level up your cloud services developer resume to impress potential employers? Whichever one you are right now, you must understand that creating an impressive resume is challenging.

However, it would be best for you to understand what a resume is and its importance to your endeavors. This way, you can create a resume that will serve as your ticket to the next step of the application process—the initial interview.

In this article, you will learn the definition, structure, types, and importance of a resume to professionals looking for jobs.

What Is A Resume?

A resume (spelled as résumé) is a concise written description of your educational background, skills, credentials, certifications, and notable accomplishments. Moreover, it provides your prior work experience, positions, and responsibilities in those jobs. Sometimes, it can also include your hobbies and interests that may be related to the job you are applying for or might help with your application.

Together with a cover letter, a resume helps you highlight your skills and persuade your potential employers that you are competent and suited for the job you are applying for. In countries outside of the United States, it is also known as CV or curriculum vitae).

But for most people, a resume is composed of one or two pages, while a CV has three or more. It is because a CV provides a complete history of your academic credentials, professional work experiences, and career development opportunities. Essentially, a resume is used to help you land a job, whereas a CV is used to help you get a job in academia or research.

If you need to write a CV in 24 hours, consider hiring a professional resume or CV writer to submit it on time.

Essential Parts of A Resume

As mentioned above, a resume can be used to provide different information about you. However, not all information about you must be included in it. Here are the main sections of a resume:

  1. Contact Information
  2. Resume Introduction
  3. Professional Experience
  4. Skills
  5. Education

Some optional parts you can put on your resume are awards, achievements, languages spoken, community service activities, and hobbies. But you should only include them if they are relevant to your desired position or aligned with the company values and objectives. If you need a sample output as your basis, you can buy resumes online similar to your background or career objectives.

Different Types of A Resume

When applying for a job, employees can submit varied types of resumes depending on their career goals and current employment situation. Each resume type serves a different purpose, so you must determine your goals and employment situation before drafting your resume.

Here are the most common types of resumes and when to use them:

1. Chronological Resume

This type of resume emphasizes your work history and relevant experiences. From the name itself, it presents your employment history in chronological order. It starts from your most recent position down to the oldest.

Moreover, this resume type is best for applicants looking for jobs still relevant to their field of specialization without major gaps between previous jobs. Because it highlights the experiences and skills that the employers need for the vacant position, they will most likely hire you after seeing your credentials.

2. Functional Resume

This resume type focuses more on your relevant professional skills than your employment timeline. Your relevant skills to the position you are applying for take up the most space in your resume and substitute the detailed work experience section on a chronological resume. Using this type of resume will heavily rely on bullet points to showcase your accomplishments and other endeavors to gain the skills needed for the job.

Using a functional resume is the best for job seekers who want to shift careers or have major employment history gaps. By emphasizing your abilities rather than previous work experiences, you show your willingness to learn new skills and adapt to changes, which can be helpful in your job application.

3. Combination Resume

This type of resume integrates the important features of chronological and functional resume formats. Like a functional resume, it emphasizes your skills and abilities but also gives you enough room to present your detailed work history, typically in chronological order. Applicants who have technical and transferrable skills would benefit from using this resume type.

Other alternative resume types are targeted resume, infographic resume, nontraditional resume, and mini resume.

Importance of A Resume

For potential employers, a resume is a window that allows them to see a glimpse of the applicant’s professional work history, skills, and achievements, even without seeing them personally. With the information you provide on your resume, you can give them an idea of whether to hire you or not. This is why most companies consider it a basic requirement in the job application process.

For job seekers, it is an opportunity to impress potential employers or hiring managers. This way, they can receive a call for an interview down the road and be a part of their company. Since your resume can make or break your chance to be noticed by employers or hiring managers, you must ensure that they are well-written.


Used to help potential employers make an informed decision, a resume is a crucial document that showcases various information about a job applicant. This includes their contact information, career objectives, professional experiences, skills, and educational background.

Additionally, it has different types: chronological, functional, and combination resume. But whichever type you use, you must ensure that your resume is written well. If you think making a resume is not your strength, consider availing yourself of affordable resume writing services from professionals.




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