By | Bernard Marr
When people talk about artificial intelligence (AI), most don’t realize there are different types of AI. Weak or narrow AI is the only one that exists today. Strong or general AI will be achieved when machines have the cognitive abilities that humans have without any human intervention. Let’s take a look at the possibilities for general AI and nine practical examples.
What is Strong (General) AI?
First, strong or general artificial intelligence is only theoretical at this point. It’s the artificial intelligence that writers have fictionalized for years in sci-fi stories such as “The Terminator” and “I-Robot.” Ultimately, when we achieve general artificial intelligence, machines will have consciousness and decision-making skills—full human cognitive abilities. The machines will not require humans to input programming to function. For all intents and purposes, this would be when machines act, feel, respond and think just like humans. We will be able to say strong AI has a mind of its own and will be able to accomplish any task it sets out to complete, just like any human. Unlike narrow artificial intelligence that classifies data and finds patterns, general AI uses clustering and association when processing data. General artificial intelligence will also be self-aware. However, just like a child, the AI will have to learn through experiences to constantly advance knowledge and skills over time.
9 Practical Examples of Strong/General AI
Simply, any task that a human can do could be accomplished by general AI. It technically has all the potential of a human brain. It could tackle any problem or task in any area, whether it be music composition or logistics—all the potential actions humans can perform. This includes the following intellectual tasks:
1. Generalize knowledge and apply it as applicable to different circumstances
Humans learn from experience. They take learning from various experiences and apply it as it makes sense to other situations they encounter. This would be an example of strong AI.
2. Use knowledge and experience acquired to plan for the future
Another ability humans have is to use their life experiences in order to plan for the future. As they encounter more experiences, they can use those experiences to create a plan and drive the future. In narrow AI, the machines must rely on humans to program actions. The machines are not capable of putting a plan in place for the future.